A powerful earthquake early Thursday shook a remote mountainous part of southwestern Pakistan dotted with coal mines and mud houses, killing at least 11 people and injuring more than 200, an official said.

The death toll was expected to rise as officials search through the remote mountainous area, said Suhail Anwar Shaheen, the deputy commissioner of the area.

At least four of the dead were killed when the coal mine in which they were working collapsed, said Shaheen, citing reports from coal miners in the area.

The epicentre of the 5.7 magnitude quake was about 14 kilometres north-northeast of Harnai in Baluchistan province, according to the U.S. Geological Survey. It struck about 20 kilometres below the surface.

The area, about 100 kilometres from Quetta, the provincial capital, is dotted with coal mines, which has Shaheen worried the death toll could rise. It struck in the early morning while scores of miners were already at work, he said.

Family members are seen gathered outside their home in Quetta, Pakistan, following a earthquake that struck a region in the southwestern part of the country in the early hours of Thursday morning. (Arshad Butt/The Associated Press)

Most of the population in the area live in sun-baked mud houses, many of which collapsed.

Rescue efforts were underway, but Shaheen said it would take hours just to reach many of the hardest-hit areas.

Residents of Quetta, Pakistan, are seen gathered outside their homes, after a powerful earthquake occurred in the early hours of Thursday morning. (Arshad Butt/The Associated Press)

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